Sunday, March 8, 2020
Stuck in the Psychedelic Era # 2011 (starts 3/9/20)
This week's show is just a little bit different. For one thing, there are no artists' sets. For another, there are no Beatles songs. In fact, ten of this week's 32 tracks have never been played on Stuck in the Psychedelic Era before now. Read on...
Title: The Kids Are Alright
Source: Mono CD: Meaty Beaty Big And Bouncy (originally released on LP: The Who Sings My Generation)
Writer: Pete Townshend
Label: MCA (original label: Decca)
In 1966, after releasing one album on the British Brunswick label, the Who's manager, Kit Lambert, had a falling out with their producer Shel Talby, which resulted in the Who switching to the new Reaction label. Talby retaliated by releasing A Legal Matter, taken from the 1965 album My Generation, as a single within a week of the debut of the Who's first Reaction single, Subsitute. Substitute, being a brand new song, did considerably better than A Legal Matter, but that did not stop Talmy from trying again a few months later by releasing another My Generation track, The Kids Are Alright, two weeks before Reaction released I'm A Boy. The legal battles between Talmy and the band continued for several years, preventing the CD release of the My Generation album until 2002, when the matter was finally settled. All of the songs referred to so far, however, appeared on the 1968 collection Meaty Beaty Big And Bouncy, which is where most Americans heard them for the first time.
Title: Set Me Free
Source: 45 RPM single
Writer(s): Ray Davies
After scoring international success with a series of R&B influenced rockers in 1964, the Kinks started to mellow a bit in 1965, releasing more melodic songs such as Set Me Free. The band would continue to evolve throughout the decade, eventually becoming one of the first groups to release a concept album, Arthur (Or the Decline and Fall of the British Empire), in 1969.
Artist: Rolling Stones
Title: Mercy, Mercy
Source: Mono CD: Out Of Our Heads (manufactured in England for US distribution)
Label: Abkco (original label: London)
One of Jimi Hendrix's first recordings as an R&B sideman was on Don Covay's 1964 recording of his song Mercy, Mercy (sometimes known as Have Mercy). The song was Covay's first breakthrough hit, going to the top of the R&B charts and crossing over into the top 40 charts as well. Possibly more importantly, the song was covered the following year by the Rolling Stones on their Out Of Our Heads album, bringing the song to a much wider worldwide audience. The Stones version of the song follows Covay's arrangement fairly closely, but, in the words of rock critic Richie Unterberger, "really upped the guitar wattage" from the original version. That's right. Keith Richards actually "out-louded" Jimi Hendrix on a recording of the same song. Granted, Hendrix, as a sideman in 1964, was under strict instructions to play it the way he was told to without any embellishments of his own, but still...
Artist: Glass Family
Title: Baby's Gone
Source: Mono LP: Electric Band
Writer(s): The Glass Family
Year: Recorded 1967, released 2015
Known as the "perpetual opening band" for such acts as the Byrds, the Doors and the Grateful Dead, the Glass Family was an important, if somewhat overlooked, piece of the California rock scene in the late 1960s. Formed earlier in the decade in West Los Angeles, the trio of Ralph Parrett (guitar), David Capilouto (keyboards/bass) and Gary Green (drums), performed under several different names before settling on the Glass Family around 1966 or so. By 1967 they had secured a contract with Warner Brothers Records, but their original recordings, produced by Richard Podolor, were rejected by the label. Undaunted, Podolor and the band returned to the studio and came up with another LP's worth of material, this time in a more commercial vein and more slickly produced. It was this second set of tunes that was released in February of 1969 as an album called Electric Band. Meanwhile, the original set of tapes sat in storage for nearly 50 years before being restored to a usable state and included as a second LP on the reissue of Electric Band in 2015. Baby's Gone is one of those long-lost tracks, and is a good example of how the band itself wanted to be presented.
Artist: Moby Grape
Title: Mr. Blues
Source: Mono LP: Moby Grape
Writer(s): Bob Mosley
Bassist Bob Mosley wrote and sang on Mr. Blues, one of ten songs released simultaneously on 45 RPM vinyl from the first Moby Grape album. It was a marketing disaster that forever tarnished a talented band.
Title: Horse Latitudes/Moonlight Drive
Source: LP: Strange Days
Writer(s): The Doors
Much of the second Doors album consisted of songs that were already in the band's repertoire when they signed with Elektra Records but for various reasons did not record for their debut LP. One of the earliest was Jim Morrison's Moonlight Ride, which he wrote even before the band was formed. As was the case with all the Doors songs on their first three albums, the tune was credited to the entire band. Horse Latitudes, which leads into Moonlight Ride, was also an obvious Morrison composition, as it is essentially a piece of Morrison poetry with a soundtrack provided by the rest of the band.
Artist: Stone Poneys featuring Linda Ronstadt
Title: Different Drum
Source: LP: Evergreen, Vol. 2
Writer(s): Michael Nesmith
Although released as a single and album track by the Stone Poneys, the hit version of Different Drum is essentially a Linda Ronstadt solo effort, backed by studio musicians. As originally recorded by the Greenbriar Boys in 1966 the song was a slower-paced acoustic ballad written by Michael Nesmith, who performed his own version of the song on an episode of the Monkees TV show that aired in December of that year. In 1967 the Stone Poneys recorded their own version of the song for their second LP, Evergreen Vol. 3, using the same arrangement as the Greenbriar Boys had used, but producer Nick Venet, sensing a potential hit, decided to try a different, more rock-oriented, arrangement using studio musicians, leaving Ronstadt as the only band member actually participating in the final recording. Venet's instincts turned out to be spot on, and Different Drum became the first in a long string of hit singles for Ronstadt, who soon left the Stone Poneys for a successful solo career.
Artist: Janis Ian
Title: Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking)
Source: 45 RPM single (reissue)
Writer(s): Janis Ian
Label: Polydor (original label: Verve Forecast)
Janis Ian began writing Society's Child, using the title Baby I've Been Thinking, when she was 13 years old, finishing it shortly after her 14th birthday. She shopped it around to several record labels before finally finding one (Now Sounds) willing to take a chance on the controversial song about interracial dating. The record got picked up and re-issued in 1966 by M-G-M's experimental label Verve Forecast, a label whose roster included Dave Van Ronk, Laura Nyro and the Blues Project, among others. Despite being banned on several radio stations the song became a major hit when re-released yet another time in early 1967. Ian had problems maintaining a balance between her performing career and being a student which ultimately led to her dropping out of high school. She would eventually get her career back on track in the mid-70s, scoring another major hit with At Seventeen, and becoming somewhat of a heroine to the feminist movement.
Artist: Jimi Hendrix Experience
Title: One Rainy Wish
Source: CD: Axis: Bold As Love
Writer: Jimi Hendrix
Label: Legacy (original label: Reprise)
In the summer of 1967 my dad (who was an Air Force NCO), got transferred to Lindsay Air Station in Weisbaden, Germany. The housing situation there being what it was, it was several weeks before the rest of us could join him, and during that time he went out and bought an Akai X-355 reel to reel tape recorder that a fellow GI had picked up in Japan. The Akai had small speakers built into it, but the best way to listen to it was through headphones. It would be another year before he would pick up a turntable, so I started buying pre-recorded reel to reel tapes. Two of the first three tapes I bought were Are You Experienced and Axis: Bold As Love, both by the Jimi Hendrix Experience. As I was forced to share a bedroom with my little brother I made it a habit to sleep on the couch instead, usually with the headphones on listening to Axis: Bold As Love. I was blown away by the stereo effects on the album, which I attributed (somewhat correctly) to Hendrix, although I would find out years later that much of the credit belongs to engineer Eddie Kramer as well. One Rainy Wish, for example, starts off with all the instruments in the center channel (essentially a mono mix). After a few seconds of slow spacy intro the song gets into gear with vocals isolated all the way over to the left, with a guitar overdub on the opposite side to balance it out. As the song continues, things move back and forth from side to side, fading in and out at the same time. It was a hell of a way to drift off to sleep every night.
Title: Jeff's Boogie
Source: 45 RPM single B side
Jeff's Boogie is an instrumental track from the Yardbirds that originally appeared on the album Over Under Sideways Down in the US. That LP, with a different track lineup and cover, was issued in the UK under the name Yardbirds, although it has since come to be known as Roger The Engineer due to its cover art. The song was also chosen to be the B side of the Over Under Sideways Down single, released in 1966. Although credited to the entire band, the tune is actually based on Chuck Berry's guitar boogie, and features some outstanding guitar work by Jeff Beck.
Title: So You Want To Be A Rock And Roll Star
Source: CD: Younger Than Yesterday
By early 1967 there was a building resentment among musicians and rock press alike concerning the instant (and in many eyes unearned) success of the Monkees. One notable expression of this resentment was the Byrds' So You Want To Be A Rock And Roll Star, which takes a somewhat sarcastic look at what it takes to succeed in the music business. Unfortunately, much of what they talk about in the song continues to apply today (although the guitar has been somewhat supplanted by the computer as the instrument of choice).
Artist: Quicksilver Messenger Service
Title: Pride Of Man
Source: CD: Quicksilver Messenger Service
Writer(s): Hamilton Camp
Label: Rock Beat (original label: Capitol)
Although many major record labels were participating in a signing frenzy in 1967 San Francisco, one of the most popular bands, Quicksilver Messenger Service, held out for the best possible deal. As a result their debut album did not appear on the record racks until May of 1968. By then the excitement surrounding the Bay Area music scene was already starting to die down, and the band never achieved the commercial success of some of their contemporaries. Nonetheless, the album itself was a strong one, starting with its opening track, a cover of folk artist Hamilton Camp's most well-known song, Pride Of Man. Quicksilver's version of the song manages to combine Camp's powerful lyrics with an equally powerful instrumental arrangement.
Artist: Sly And The Family Stone
Title: I Want To Take You Higher
Source: CD: The Best Of 60s Psychedelic Rock (originally released on LP: Stand and as 45 RPM single B side)
Writer(s): Sly Stone
Label: Priority (original label: Epic)
Sylvester Stewart was a major presence on the San Francisco music scene for several years, both as a producer for Autumn Records and as a popular local disc jockey. In 1967 he decided to take it to the next level, using his studio connections to put together Sly And The Family Stone. The band featured a solid lineup of musicians, including Larry Graham, whose growling bass line figures prominently in their 1969 recording of I Want To Take You Higher. The song was originally released as a B side, but after the group blew away the crowd at Woodstock the recording was re-released as a single the following year.
Artist: Canned Heat
Title: Let's Work Together
Source: CD: The Very Best Of Canned Heat (originally released as 45 RPM single)
Writer(s): Wilbert Harrison
Label: Capitol (original label: Liberty)
By a rather odd twist of fate Wilbert Harrison, known primarily for his 50s hit Kansas City, decided to reissue one of his lesser-known tunes, Let's Work Together, just a few weeks before a new Canned Heat version of the song was released in 1970. As it turns out, neither version became a major hit, although the Canned Heat version did get some airplay and managed to crack the Billboard Hot 100 that year.
Artist: Spencer Davis Group
Title: Gimme Some Lovin'
Source: 45 RPM single
Writer(s): Steve Winwood
Label: United Artists
Although it sometimes seemed like being British was the only way to get a hit single on the American charts in the mid-1960s, there were actually plenty of bands that were successful in the UK, but struggled to be heard in the US. One of these was the Spencer Davis Group, which was signed to Chris Blackwood's Island label. Island was, at the time, a small independent company specializing in bringing Jamaican recordings to a British audience, but was looking to expand into popular music. Since Island's distribution was limited, the Spencer Davis Group recordings were released on the much larger Fontana label. Fontana released only one Spencer Davis Group single, I Can't Stand It, in the US, in late 1964. A year later Island worked out a deal with Ahmet Ertegun's Atco label to release the band's version of Keep On Running in the US, but neither it nor its followup, Somebody Help Me, made a dent on the Billboard charts, despite the fact that both songs had gone all the way to the number one spot in the UK. Finally, in December of 1966, producer Jimmy Miller did an extensive remix of their current British hit, Gimme Some Lovin', adding piano, background vocals and tons of reverb to the original recording, as well as using an entirely different lead vocal track with slightly different lyrics. That version appeared on the United Artists label, becoming the group's first US hit in early 1967. The Miller mix is now accepted as the standard version of the song.
Title: It's A Hard Life
Source: LP: The Seeds
Writer(s): Sky Saxon
Label: GNP Crescendo
If there was any real weakness in the first Seeds album, it was a certain sameness among the songs on the LP. There were exeptions, however, such as It's A Hard Life, which manages to stay true to the Seeds' style without sounding too much like Pushin' Too Hard.
Artist: Fleur De Lys
Source: Mono CD: Nuggets II-Original Artyfacts From The British Empire And Beyond 1964-1969 (originally released in UK as 45 RPM single)
Writer(s): Pete Townshend
Label: Rhino (original label: Immediate)
Circles was a song by the Who that was originally slated to be released in the UK on the Brunswick label as a follow-up to the highly successful My Generation. A dispute between the band and the label and their producer, Shel Talmy, led to the Who switching labels and releasing another song, Substitute, in its place, with Circles (retitled Instant Party) on the B side of the record. When Talmy slapped the band with a legal injunction, the single was withdrawn, and another band, the Fleur De Lys, took advantage of the situation, recording their own version of Circles and releasing it on the Immediate label. Just to make things more confusing Brunswick issued the Who's version of Circles as the B side of A Legal Matter later the same month.
Title: You Can't Hurry Love
Source: CD: Billboard Top Rock 'N' Roll Hits-1966 (originally released as 45 RPM single)
Label: Rhino (original label: Motown)
I've maintained for years that top 40 radio hit its peak in late summer of 1966, when the charts were topped by Donovan's Sunshine Superman and the Lovin' Spoonful's Summer In The City. Another song in the top five that week was the Supremes' You Can't Hurry Love, which was already at #4 in only its fourth week in the top 100. The song, written by Motown's Holland/Dozier/Holland songwriting team, ended up being one of the label's signature songs and is instantly recognizable to multiple generations.
Source: CD: Puzzle
In the early 1990s I found myself within listening range of a Virginia Beach radio station that called itself The Coast. Unlike other radio stations in the area, each of which had a tight playlist determined by extensive audience research, The Coast was a relatively free-form station that played an eclectic mix of classic, modern and alternative rock. Among the bands that got airplay on The Coast was a new three-piece band from California called Dada. Consisting of guitarist Michael Gurley and bassist Joie Calio (who shared lead vocals) along with drummer Phil Leavitt, Dada made their recording debut with the 1992 album Puzzle. The first single released from the album, Dizz-Knee Land, got a lot of airplay on more mainstream rock stations, but it was the album's opening track, Dorina, that really grabbed my attention when I heard it on The Coast.
Artist: Claypool/Lennon Delerium
Title: Oxycontin Girl
Source: LP: Monolith Of Phobos
Fans of alternative rock are no doubt familiar with a band called Primus, led by bassist Les Claypool. One of the more colorful characters on the modern music scene, Claypool was once rejected by Metallica as being "too good" for them. Claypool himself has said that he thought James Hetfield was just being nice when he told him that, but the fact is that Claypool is indeed one of the most talented bass players (if not the best) in rock history. Sean Lennon is, of course, the son of John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Unlike his half-borther Julian, Sean has never had to prove anything to anyone, and, thanks in large part to his mother's influence (and let's be honest here, money), has always felt free to pursue his own artistic path without having to bow to commercial pressures. The two of them met when their respective bands were on tour and they immediately recognized that they had a musical connection. That connection manifested itself in the album Monolith Of Phobos (a title inspired by Arthur Clarke's works), released in 2016. Oxycontin Girl begins with a bass solo that seems impossible to actually play (but of course, Claypool regularly does that) and then hits us with the lyric "She's an Oxycontin girl in a heroin world". It gets even better from there.
Artist: George Harrison
Title: When We Was Fab
Source: CD: Cloud Nine
Writer(s): George Harrison
Label: Dark Horse
George Harrison recorded two different songs referencing his years as a member of the world's most popular rock band. The first, All Those Years Ago, was done in Harrison's own early 80s style, and was released not long after the death of former bandmate John Lennon. The second, When We Was Fab, was stylistically a throwback to the Beatles' most psychedelic period, with a strong resemblance to Lennon's I Am The Walrus from Magical Mystery Tour. The song appeared on Harrison's Cloud Nine album, which was recorded around the same time as the first Traveling Wilburys album, and features guest appearances from some of the other members of that group, including Beatles fans Jeff Lynne and Tom Petty.
Title: Rugs Of Wood And Flowers
Source: 45 RPM single B side
Label: White Whale
The Turtles were best known for their big hit records like Happy Together and She'd Rather Be With Me, both of which came from outside songwriters. The band had a weird side, however, that usually showed up on their self-penned B sides and an occasional album track. One example is Rugs Of Wood And Flowers, which appeared as the B side of You Know What I Mean in 1967. The song, written by vocalist Howard Kaylan and guitarist Al Nichol, features Kaylan using a semi-operatic style that he would revive for his legendary performances with the Mothers at the Fillmore East in 1971.
Artist: Peanut Butter Conspiracy
Source: CD: The Peanut Butter Conspiracy Is Spreading/The Great Conspiracy (original LP: The Great Conspiracy)
Writer(s): John Merrill
Label: Collectables (original label: Columbia)
For their second Columbia LP, The Great Conspiracy, the members of L.A.'s Peanut Butter Conspiracy were given greater artistic freedom by producer Gary Usher, who was already working on his own Millennium project at this point. The biggest change was the fact that there were no studio musicians used on the album, which resulted in a record much more in sync with the band's live sound. The album is full of strong tracks such as Ecstasy, which, like about half the songs on the LP, was written by lead guitarist John Merrill. Although the PBC would end up recording a third LP a couple years later, they would do it without Merrill, who left shortly after The Great Conspiracy was released.
Artist: Simon and Garfunkel
Title: Scarborough Fair/Canticle
Source: LP: Parsley, Sage, Rosemary And Thyme
Writer(s): Trad., arr. Simon/Garfunkel
After the reunion of Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel following the surprise success of an electrified remix of The Sound Of Silence, the duo quickly recorded an album to support the hit single. Sounds Of Silence was, for the most part, a reworking of material that Simon had recorded for 1965 UK LP the Paul Simon Songbook. The pressure for a new album thus (temporarily) relieved, the duo got to work on their first album of truly new material since their unsuccessful 1964 effort Wednesday Morning 3AM (which had in fact been re-released and was now doing well on the charts). In October the new album, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, hit the stands. The title track was a new arrangement of an old English folk ballad, Scarborough Fair, combined with a reworking of a song from the Paul Simon Songbook, The Side Of A Hill, retitled Canticle. The two melodies and sets of lyrics are set in counterpoint to each other, creating one of the most sophisticated folk song arrangements ever recorded. After being featured in the film The Graduate, Scarborough Fair/Canticle was released as a single in early 1968, going on to become one of the duo's most instantly recognizable songs.
Artist: Jefferson Airplane
Source: LP: The Worst Of Jefferson Airplane (originally released on LP: Surrealistic Pillow)
Uncredited guest guitarist Jerry Garcia adds a simple, but memorable recurring fill riff to Today, an early collaboration between rhythm guitarist Paul Kantner and bandleader Marty Balin on Jefferson Airplane's second LP, Surrealistic Pillow.
Title: I Just Want To Be Your Friend
Source: LP: Begin
Writer(s): Curt Boettcher
The Millennium's 1968 album Begin can best be described as a cooperative effort by some of L.A.'s most talented studio musicians that ended up being a victim of its own bad timing. Conceived by Curt Boettcher (Sagittarius, the Ballroom) and Keith Olsen (Music Machine), the Millennium also included guitarist Doug Rhodes and drummer Ron Edgar (both from the Music Machine), as well as several other Ballroom and Sagittarius veterans, including guitarist/vocalists Lee Mallory, Joey Stec, Mike Fennelly and Sandy Salisbury. Most of the participants shared songwriting credits, with no one songwriter appearing on more than six of the album's fourteen tracks. Boettcher had three solo writing credits, including I Just Want To Be Your Friend, a tune that sounds like it could easily have appeared on the first Association LP (which Boettcher had produced). The album itself was widely praised by music critics as one of the best sunshine pop albums ever produced. Unfortunately, by July of 1968, when Begin hit the stands, sunshine pop had essentially been replaced by bubblegum rock on top 40 radio, while most of the new FM stations were playing a harder rocking sound favored by the counter-culture, leaving the album in a kind of commercial limbo.
Artist: Tyrannosaurus Rex
Title: Once Upon The Seas Of Abyssinia
Source: British import CD: Acid Days
Writer(s): Marc Bolan
Year: Recorded 1969, released 2002
Despite the similarity in names (not to mention the presence of Marc Bolan) Tyrannosaurus Rex and T-Rex were really entirely different groups. The original Tyrannosaurus Rex, formed in 1967. was a psychedelic-folk duo consisting of guitarist/vocalist Bolan and percussionist
Steve Peregrine Took, that released three albums before the two had a falling out. Following the departure of Took a fourth Tyrannosaurus Rex album was released, with Mickey Finn handling percussion duties, in 1969. Sometime that year, probably following the release of the original duo's third LP, they recorded Once Upon The Seas Of Abyssinia, a track that didn't get released until 2002, when it appeared on the Marc Bolan box set 20th Century Superstar.
Artist: American Dream
Title: Good News
Source: LP: The American Dream
Writer(s): Van Winkle/Bowers
Following his departure from his band Nazz in 1969 Todd Rundgren went to work for Albert Grossman as a staff producer for the new Ampex label, a joint venture being launched by Grossman (who was a well-known manager of folk artists) and the Ampex tape company. Rundgren's first project for Grossman was producing a band of fellow Philadelphian's known as The American Dream. The album was the first to be released on the Ampex label. The album opens with a recorded phone conversation between (presumably) one of the band members and his grandmother, telling her excitedly that he is in New York. The leads into a song called Good News, a solid rocker that was also issued as the b side of the album's only single. The American Dream was never heard from again after that first album, but Rundgren's career is legendary.
Artist: Five Americans
Title: Western Union
Source: 45 RPM single
One of the biggest hits of 1967 came from a band from Southeastern State College in Durant Oklahoma, although they probably played at least as many gigs in neighboring Texas as in their home state. The Five Americans, having already scored a minor hit with I See The Light the previous year, hit the #5 spot on the national charts with Western Union, featuring a distinctive opening organ riff designed to evoke the sound of a telegraph receiver picking up Morse code.
Artist: Small Faces
Title: Lazy Sunday
Source: British import CD: Ogdens' Nut Gone Flake
Label: Charly (original label: Immediate)
Following up on the creative freedom that came with their switch to Andrew Loog Oldham's Immediate label in 1967 (and their subsequent international hit Itchycoo Park), the Small Faces immediately (sorry) got to work on what would end up being their final full-length LP, Ogden's Nut Gone Flake. Before the album was released in the spring of 1968, however, Immediate issued Lazy Sunday, the last track on side one of the LP, as a single, against the wishes of the band. As it turned out the song, inspired by frontman Steve Marriott's ongoing feud with his neighbors, ended up being an even bigger hit than Itchycoo Park in their native Britain, as well as in Germany and the Netherlands. Marriott, however, was frustrated with the band's inability to shed their pop music image and left the group later that year to form Humble Pie.
Artist: Jethro Tull
Title: Driving Song
Source: Lebanese import 45 RPM single B side
Writer(s): Ian Anderson
By 1969 the presence of "underground" FM radio stations in most major US cities playing what would come to be called album rock was making it possible for an artist to be considered successful without having the benefit of a top 40 hit record. This was not the case in the UK, where top 40 itself had been, until July of 1967, considered an underground format heard on illegal AM pirate stations broadcasting from offshore transmitters. Momentum being what it is, British bands such as Jethro Tull continued to put out singles and EPs that were successful in their native England but difficult to find in the US well into the 1970s. For example, Driving Song was originally released as the B side of Living In the Past in 1969. As was the case with every other early Jethro Tull single, the record, although released in the US failed to make a dent in the charts, and was not heard by most Americans until the Living In the Past LP was released in 1973. Living In The Past/Driving Song also has the distinction of being the only Jethro Tull single ever issued in Lebanon.
Artist: Edwin Starr
Source: CD: Songs Of Protest (originally released as 45 RPM single)
Label: Rhino (original label: Gordy)
It was 1970, and Motown Records staff producer Norman Whitfield was facing a bit of a dilemma. A track that he and co-producer Barrett Strong had included on the Temptations' LP Psychedelic Shack was starting to get a lot of airplay, and radio programmers were asking for the song to be released as a single. The problem was the song itself. War, co-written by Whitfield and Strong, had a powerful message that resonated with the anti-Vietnam War movement. This, of course, did not sit well with some of the more conservative radio station owners, a fact that Motown president Berry Gordy, Jr. was well aware of. At that particular moment in space and time, the Temptations were Motown's #1 cash cow (Diana Ross having left the Supremes earlier that year), and Berry did not want to take any chances with his top money makers. Eventually a compromise was reached. Whitfield re-recorded the track with second-string artist Edwin Starr, amping up the energy level of the song in the process, and ended up with one of the biggest hit singles of the year (and certainly the biggest of Starr's career).